Copyright © By Dr. Adel Elsaie, Book Title: "History of Truth, The Truth about God and Religions"
7.2 The Doctrine of the Son of God
Dr. Adel Elsaie
Son of God:
Muslims take a strong exception to the Christian belief that "Jesus is the only begotten son." The word "only begotten" exists only in the Gospel according to John, only in the King James Version (1:14,1:18,3:16,3:18). Interestingly enough, this word "only begotten" does not exist in the Revised Standard Version, New Revised Standard, or the World English Bible. Consequently, the two basic principles of Christianity, trinity and son of god, exist only in Gospel according to John and in First Epistle of John, only in the King James version, a version that was described as having grave defects. The average Christian should have the right to ask why was the basics of my Christian faith deleted from later versions of the Bible, and what happened to my faith? These are very serious and crucial questions. We all know by now that the writing of John is completely different from the synoptic Gospels. Again the question is why this word, that is extremely important, was deleted from later Bibles? But this is what Christians are made to believe in the churches without any references to the authenticity of the Gospels or to the different versions of the Bible. However, Christians also know that God has many sons according to the Bible:
Genesis 6:2 "That the sons of God saw the daughters of men."
Exodus 4:22 "Israel is my son, even my firstborn"
Deuteronomy 14:1 "Ye are the children of God."
Psalms 2:7 "The Lord hath said unto me, (David) Thou art my son: this day have I begotten thee."
Jeremiah 31:9 "for I (God) am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my first born."
Luke 3:38 "which (Adam) was the Son of God."
Romans 8:14 "For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God."
It is quite clear from the above verses that many righteous people were called sons of God. Israel and Ephraim were Godís firstborn. David and Jesus were called begotten sons of God. So what does that mean? It is a metaphorical, not literal, descriptive term that is commonly used by the Jews to indicate closeness and affection to God. The authors of the New Testament used the same title of the Son of God to indicate closeness to God. The apostles and Paul were Jews using Jewish terms. Jesus also said, "God is not only his father, but also your father" (Matthew 5:45 & 48). This metaphorical term is quite obvious in II Cor. 6:18 "And will be a father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty." Christians agree with that, but emphasize that Jesus was an exception based upon only the Gospel according to John only in the King James Version. God created Adam. But both Adam and Jesus had no fathers. As a matter of fact, creating Jesus was simpler, in a human sense, than creating Adam, because Adam had no father or mother, while Jesus had a mother. God created every living creature. He is the Lord, Creator, Cherisher, and Sustainer of all. Metaphorically speaking therefore God is the father of all.
In the Hebrews 7:3 there is a dramatic story about Melchisedec:
"Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, or end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually."
Melchisedec was the king of Salem and a priest of God. He met and blessed Abraham, Genesis 14:17-24. According to the above verse he is eternal, with no beginning or end, with no father or mother. He was in a position to bless Abraham. He was made like the Son of God. What more can you ask for a God? According to the Christian logic in the Bible, Melchisedec should be the Son of God or even god himself. He is more unique than Jesus or Abraham or Adam. None of these prophets are eternal. Why is Melchisedec very much unknown to the Christians? A person with his credential should be more famous than Jesus! Some may argue about the verse "like unto the son of God" that he is like but not actually the Son of God. In this case, who would confirm that the word "like" was not added to the text, and who would confirm the authenticity of this whole part of the Hebrews, or who was the real author of this part? As usual this story is completely changed in other versions of the Bible. For example without mother changed to his mother was unknown!
Jesus called himself son of man and refused to be called Son of God:
Luke 4:41 "And the devils also came, out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God"
It is clear here that the devils attempted to call Jesus as Son of God, but he refused that title, as the devils knew Jesus was the Christ. Jesus even refused to be called "the Christ of God", and called himself the son of man, (Luke 9:20-22)
Jesus was the expected Messiah and a prophet. Humans escalated and promoted him from a teacher to a prophet to the Son of God, and finally to God himself.
John 3:2 "The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God..."
Matthew 21:11 "And the multitude said, this is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee."
Luke 7:16 "That a great prophet is risen among us."
Luke 24:19 "Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a great prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people."
John 6:14 "This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world."
John 7:40 "Many of the people therefore, when they heard his saying, said, of truth this is the prophet."
Luke 13:33"Nevertheless I (Jesus) must walk to day, and to morrow, and the [day] following: for it cannot be that a Prophet perish out of Jerusalem."
Son of God:
Acts 9:20 "And straightway he (Paul) preached Christ in the synagogues, that he (Jesus) is the Son of God."
John declared Jesus as God at the start of his Gospel.
The following verses describe the human Jesus in his own words:
John 7:16 "My doctrine is not mine, but His that sent me."
John 14:24 "The word which ye hear is not mine but the Fatherís which sent me."
John 4:34 "My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work."
Luke 22:42 "Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me, nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done."
John 5:30 "I can of mine own self do nothing; as I hear, I judge; and my judgment is just, because I seek not mine own will but the will of the Father which hath sent me."
John 13:16 "The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him."
Matthew 20:23 "But to sit on my right hand and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father."
Matthew 24:36 "But of that day and hour knoweth no man, not the angels of heaven, but My Father only."
Mark 13:32 "But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father."
Matthew 7:21 "Not everyone that saith unto me, 'Lord, Lord,' shall enter into the kingdom of heaven, but he that doeth the will of My Father which is in heaven."
Mark 10:18 "And Jesus said to him, "Why callest thou me good? There is none good but one, that is, God"
John 8:50 "And I seek not mine own glory; there is One that seeketh and judgeth."
Many Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God and God. From the above verses, it is clear that Jesus denied being God or the Son of God. It now leaves the Christians who believe that Jesus is God to provide just one single verse in the Bible where Jesus says, "I am God." God in the Old Testament declared, "I am God" over 200 times.
It is obvious that Jesus called himself son of man; the people called him teacher and prophet; the devils called him Son of God; Paul called him son of God in the Jewish sense; and John called him God using the Greek philosophy. In Matthew 10:24, Jesus, after calling himself as the son of man, he continued to claim the highest honor of being the servant of God:
"The disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above his lord."
Who was Jesus?
Jesus, son of Mary, was a mighty prophet and servant of God.